The UN: Keeping Peace Around the World
Following is a list of UN Peacekeeping Operations currently in place with the year of the initial UN mandate and the goal or role of the mission. Source: U.S. Department of State, Contributions for International Peacekeeping Activities: Program Activities Summary, February 2000. UN Disengagement Observer Force (UNDOF, 1974) acts as a buffer between Syria and Israeli troops in the strategic Golan Heights area.UN Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL, 1978) works to restore international peace and security as well as Lebanese sovereignty in the south of Lebanon. Israel has accepted UN Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 425, and will withdraw “when the Lebanese government establishes security guarantees that preclude hostile actions against its populace.” Until a clear framework exists for Lebanese-Israeli peace talks, UNIFIL continues to have a role in any successful implementation of UNSCR 425 by Israel.
UN Iraq/Kuwait Observer Mission (UNIKOM, 1991) monitors the demilitarized zone between Iraq and Kuwait established after the Gulf War. Kuwait pays for two-thirds of the costs of this force.
UN Observers in Angola (UNOA, 1999) is intended to serve as a focal point for a renewed peacekeeping operation (MONUA, the UNPKO in Angola, ended in 1999), when and if the situation is right for a resumption of operations.
Mission in Western Sahara (MINURSO, 1991) monitors the cease-fire and is assisting in conducting a referendum on the future status of this region.
UN Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina (UNMIBH, 1995) implements provisions of the “Dayton Agreement,” monitors local police activity, and assists in establishing reformed police forces trained in democratic community policing.
UN Mission of Observers in Prevlaka (UNMOP, 1992) observes and monitors demilitarization on the Prevlaka Peninsula in Croatia.
UN Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK, 1999) provides an interim administration for Kosovo while establishing and overseeing the development of provisional, democratic, and self-governing institutions in the province. UNMIK also authorizes deployment of international military forces to provide for security of civilians.
UN Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP, 1964) helps to prevent violence between the Turkish Cypriot and Greek Cypriot communities. The Greek and Cypriot governments pay more than half the costs of this mission.
UN Mission in Georgia (UNOMIG, 1993) monitors compliance with the cease-fire agreement reached between the Republic of Georgia and Abkhaz separatist forces.
UN Mission of Observers to Tajikistan (UNMOT, 1994) monitors the cease-fire agreement and promotes political reconciliation.
War Crimes Tribunals in Yugoslavia and Rwanda (established for Yugoslavia in 1993 and for Rwanda in 1994) are examining war crimes in these areas.
UN Mission to Sierra Leone (UNAMSIL, 1999) implements key provisions of the “Lome Agreement,” through activities such as cease-fire monitoring and the establishment of procedures to disarm and demobilize ex-combatants.
UN Transitional Administration in East Timor (UNTAET, 1999) is responsible for the administration of the territory of East Timor during its transition to independence, in accordance with the outcome of the popular consultation conducted in August 1999.
UN Operations in the Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUC, 1999) provides advice and assistance as the UN explores with parties to the “Lusaka Accords” what peacekeeping-related activities in the DROC may be needed.